Arturo Souto Feijoo - Spanish Master Painter

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Arturo Souto Feijoo (April 5,1902 - July 3, 1964) was an important Spanish painter who studied in Seville and Madrid and then traveled to Paris in the 1920s where he was influenced by the avant-garde. Prior to his exile from Spain following the Spanish Civil War, Souto exhibited throughout Europe. While living in Havana, Mexico, and the U.S. during the 1940s until his death in 1964, Souto continued to exhibit and developed a reputation as one of the outstanding Spanish painters of the twentieth century.

 

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Arturo Souto was the son of a high government official in Pontevedra, Galicia in Spain who was also his first art teacher and encouraged him to study the arts. His father's travels took him to Oviedo, Zaragoza, Lugo and then Seville, where he studied at the College of Fine Arts (1916-1920). In 1922 he moved to Madrid where he continued his studies at the Royal Academy of Belle Arts in San Fernando coinciding with the studies of Salvador Dali, among other renown artists. After the completion of his military service in Vigo in 1924 he had his first solo art exhibition in Madrid.

 

naked women in a landscape 1929

Naked Woman in a Landscape - 1929

 

After his first trip to Paris in 1926, Souto returned in 1931 sponsored by his native city of Pontevedra with a special assignment. His focus was learning the new artistic trends of the time.  During this stage of his learning process he was influenced by renown Italian poet and artist Giorgio de Chirico, known as the the founder of the Metaphysical art movement. In 1934, Souto received a scholarship from the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome where he continued his studies until 1936.

 

stamp 1929

Stamp - 1929

 

paris at night 1930

Paris at Night - 1930

 

ball 1931

Ball - 1931

 

accordionist 1931

Accordionist - 1931

 

the painter diego rivera 1931

The Painter Diego Rivera - 1931 

 

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 Brothel - 1932

 

Arturo Souto balarinas

Dance Class - 1932

 

Arturo Souto Torero

Bullfighter and Maja - 1932

 

 harlequin 1932

 Harlequin - 1932

 

Arturo Souto paris characters

I GO - 1934

 

In 1937 he attended the International Symposium of "Writers for the Defense of Culture" which was held in Valencia, Spain. He also participated in the "Paris International Exhibition" Spanish Pavillion where Pablo Picasso was exhibiting his masterpiece "Guernica". The painting was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain, by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italian warplanes at the request of the Spanish Nationalists. Upon completion, Picasso's Guernica was exhibited at the Spanish display at the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne (Paris International Exposition) in the 1937 World's Fair in Paris and then at other venues around the world. The touring exhibition was used to raise funds for Spanish war relief.

 

Arturo Souto bar w window and man

 Militiamen in an Interior - 1937

 

The Spanish Civil War took place between 1936 and 1939. The war has often been portrayed as a struggle between democracy and fascism, particularly due to the political climate and timing surrounding it. Ultimately, the Nationalists won, and Franco, who already ruled over Nationalist Spain, ruled over all of Spain for the next 36 years.

 

refugees 1937

Refugees - 1937

 

war scene 1937 7

War Scene - 1937

 

the four horsemen of the apocalypse 1937

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse - 1937 

 

After the Spanish Civil War ended, Souto decided to go in exile and traveled to Havana, Cuba where he had several art exhibitions. He then traveled to New York, Los Angeles and Philadelphia where his work was also displayed in major venues. In 1942 he moved to Mexico City with the assistance of his good friend Jaime Mario Torres Bodet, a prominent Mexican politician and writer who had served in the executive cabinet of three Mexican Presidents. Souto lived and worked in Mexico City until his death in 1964.  

 

Arturo Souto 3 women and a breast

 Three Women - c 1938

 

Arturo Souto building w horse carriages

Square of Brussels - 1938 

 

the los angeles dropped leda and the swan 1938

The Los Angeles Drop "Leda and the Swan" - 1938

 

Arturo Souto FOUNTAIN IN SQUARE

 The Pantheon Seen From Rue Soufflot, Paris - 1941

 

composition rapture 1943

Composition "Rapture" - 1943

 

clowns 1944

Clowns - 1944

 

market of segovia 1945

Market in Segovia - 1945

 

rue moufetard par s 1945

Rue Moufetard, Paris - 1945

 

Arturo Souto man w book in hands

Portrate of a Man - 1945

 

Arturo Souto two ladies w cat

Artist and Model - 1950

 

parisians 1951

Parisians - 1951

 

Arturo Souto breast feeding

Maternity - 1942

 

neighborhood in mexico 1951

Neighborhood in Mexico - 1951

 

Martha Gerson

Portrait of a Woman (Mexico City - c 1951)

Arturo Souto sailor bar

Sailor with Woman - 1951

 

IMG 4640 2 

Parisian Can Can Dancers - c 1951

 

Arturo Souto teenage girl with bow

Portrait of Georgina Xenia Alberu - c 1951

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Parisian Couple - c 1951

 

church and gardens acolm n mexico 1951

Church and Gardens in Acolman, Mexico - 1951

 

roofs of madrid 1955

Roofs of Madrid - 1955

 

Arturo Souto high rises

New York - 1957

 

objects in space 1958

Objects in Space - 1958

 

Arturo Souto naked woman raising hands

Naked Woman - 1960

 

galician scene 1962

Galician Scene - 1962

 

place of firewood pontevedra 1963

Place of Firewood, Pontevedra - 1963

 

double maternity 1964

Double Maternity - 1964

 

Arturo Souto was the subject of an anthology exhibition honoring his master work during the 1984 "International Biennial Exhibition" that took place in his native city of Pontevedra. Some of his work is currently displayed in several museums in Spain and North America.

 

Biennial of Pontevedra 1984

 Mail Post Honoring Arturo Souto Feijoo during the Biennial Exhibition

at the Pontevedra Provincial Palace in 1984

Arturo Souto Centenario

 

In 2002 and as part of the 100 anniversary celebration of his birth, the City of Pontevedra named a Street in his honor as one of the leading masters in the modernism, expressionism and vanguard-ism art movements of the XX Century.